What is the formula for water requirement for fire fighting?

Due to inefficiencies in applying water, some experts feel that the rate should be 2 to 4 gal per 100 cu ft (7.6 to 15 L/2.8m3) of building volume rather than the 1 gal per 100 cu ft (3.785 L/2.8m3) in the formula. Other variations include changing the value in the denominator based on the occupancy hazard.

How do you calculate how much water you need for fire fighting?

Exterior Exposures

  1. 60 X 20 divided by 3 X 1 = 400 gpm.
  2. 2 exposures: 400 gpm X (25% X 2) = 200 gpm.

What is the formula used for the firefighting demand?

Q = amount of water required in litres/min P = population in thousands. ii. When population is > 2,0,000 a provision for 54600 litres/ min may be made with an extra additional provision of 9100 to 30400 litres/min for a second fire.

How is Fireflow calculated?

Fire flow = length X width ÷ 3

This formula is most easily applied if the estimated square footage of the entire structure is used to determine an approximate fire flow for the total structure and is then reduced accordingly for various percentages of fire involvement.

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What is Kuichling formula?

Where, Q = Amount of water required in liter/minute. Where, Q = Amount of water required in liter/minute. Where, Q = Amount of water required in liter/minute. … Provision of 54000 liters/minute may be made with an extra additional provision of 9100 to 36000 liter/minute for a second fire.

Which code is used to calculate various water requirements?

Arghyam has compiled a brief presentation which gives details of the permissible and desirable limits for various parameters in drinking water as per Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specifications for potable water (IS -10500: 2012).

How do you calculate water supply?

For these kind of applications, like a wardrobe, it is likely that all showers are used at the same time. Using the formula blindly would result in insufficient supply lines.

Total Theoretical Water Flow and Expected Flow.

Total Theoretical Demand Summarized (liter/s) Expected Demand (liter/s)
15 1.1
20 1.5
30 1.8
40 2.1

Is code for water requirements?

It is mentioned in the Indian Standard, IS;1172-1993 that the minimum value of water supply given as 200 liters per head per day may be reduced to 135 liters per head per day for houses for Low-Income Groups (LIG) and Economically Weaker Section (EWS) of society, depending upon prevailing conditions.

What is Freemans formula?

Freeman’s Formula. Q (L/min)= 1136.5(P/5+10)

Which of the following formula is used to compute the fire demand in design of water supply scheme?

Fire demand is given by the formula, Q = 100 , where P is the population in thousands and Q is the water demand in kiloliters.

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What is the quantity of water required?

The water requirements of industrial needs of a city are generally taken as 50 liter/day/person. This demand depends upon the nature of the city and types of industries. Generally 20 to 25% of the total water demand may be allowed for industrial water demand.

How do you calculate fire load?

Safeopedia Explains Fire Load

  1. A building’s fire load is a calculated value. …
  2. This yields the equation: Fire load = (Mass * Calories) / Area.

How do you calculate fire size?

As a general rule of thumb you will need 1 kW of heat for every 15 cubic meter of space to be heated. To calculate what size of fire or stove you will need, measure the width, length, and height of the room or space and multiply the three figures together to obtain the cubic area of the space to be heated.